Misuzu Kaneko (金子みすゞ*・金子みすず) was an author I’d never heard of until recently. Unfortunately, it seems that I wasn’t the only one.
Born Kaneko Teru in 1903, Misuzu grew up in a book-loving family and continued her education until age 18, a rare achievement for women at that time. She began to write poetry for children when she was 20. She sadly committed suicide at age 27, the day before her ex-husband was due to gain custody of their young daughter.
Her works were forgotten until the original manuscripts were rediscovered in the 1980s. However, it wasn’t until the March 2011 tsunami disaster that she gained popularity; her poem “Are you an echo?/こだまでしょうか“ was played in TV public service announcements.
Her works are not on Aozora Bunko, but a quick Google search will enable you to read some of her poems. In particular, this link has a lot of Misuzu’s most popular works. Having read quite a few of them, I think she is a good poet for Japanese learners to be aware of. In terms of language, I’d recommend her poems for JLPT N4 learners and above.
There is one caveat: you might find that her poems in their original form are in a style of Japanese that is sometimes different from the modern language. Fortunately, the above link has the poems in modern Japanese.
As I usually do, I have a few recommendations for you to read. I’ve posted the poems below with a brief vocabulary list:
こだまでしょうか (aka ‘Are You an Echo?’)
Obviously, this has to be the first on this list! The following is a reading of the poem as featured in a commercial from 2010.
Her most famous poem is typical of her style; expressing important messages in a really simple way. It reaffirms the importance of treating others as we would like to be treated – no wonder it was chosen as a poem to support Japan in the wake of the tsunami disaster. In terms of the language, this poem is pretty easy to understand, even if grammar such as 〜っていう isn’t too familiar (it is another way of quoting something, like 〜という).
- 遊ぶ/ あそぶ = to play, hang out with
- 馬鹿/ ばか = idiot, silly
- さみしい = a misspelling of さびしい, ie. sad
- 誰/ だれ = who
- こだま = echo
雲 (Kumo – ‘Cloud’)
A lot of Kaneko’s poems reference the natural world, usually animals. I guess this would be a good poem for remembering how the water cycle works?
- ふわり(と) = softly, gently, lightly
- 青空/ あおぞら = blue sky
- 果/ はて = extremity, end, limit
- お月さん/ おつきさん = the moon
- 鬼ごっこ/ おにごっこ = children’s game known as ‘tag’ in English
- 飽きる/ あきる = to get sick, bored of something
- 雨/ あめ = rain
- 雷/ かみなり = lightning
- 供/ とも = companion
- つれる = to take someone with you, to go along with, to be accompanied by
- (お)うち = home
- 池 いけ = pond
- とびおりる = to jump down, to jump off
私と小鳥と鈴と (Watashi to kotori to suzu to – ‘Me, the little Bird and the Bell’)
This is another of my personal favourites. The poem very simply illustrates how we all have our own strengths, particularly the last line.
- 両手/ りょうて = both hands
- 広げる/ ひろげる = to spread, expand, broaden
- 飛ぶ/ とぶ = to fly
- 小鳥 / ことり = little bird, small bird
- 地面/ じめん = ground, earth’s surface
- 速い/ はやい = fast, quick
- 走る/ はしる = to run
- ゆする = to shake, jolt, swing
- 音/ おと = sound
- 鈴/ すず = bell
- 唄/ うた = song (another form of 歌)
- 知る/ しる = to know
A bilingual book of Kaneko’s works was published in 2016, which has some beautiful illustrations to go with it. It is also available in ebook format on Kindle. I’m glad that poets like Misuzu have had their works gain popularity a long time after they were written.
Who is your favourite poet? Let me know in the comments!
*PS. You might be wondering (as I did) what theゞ symbol means. It turns out that ゞ is just a symbol used to repeat the previous syllable. As the dakuten is also used to change the sound, we know that the name should be read as misuzu rather than misusu.